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[JUGOINFO] Bin Laden a spasso nei Balcani (3)

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  • jugocoord@libero.it
    ... ATTACCO A USA: BOSNIA, NIENTE RIFUGIO A SEGUACI BIN LADEN (ANSA) - SARAJEVO, 28 SET - A 70 afghani dell Al Qaida di Osama bin Laden che, secondo
    Messaggio 1 di 1 , 1 ott 2001
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      > http://212.177.102.179/balcani/bosnia/20010928194631998210.html

      ATTACCO A USA: BOSNIA, NIENTE RIFUGIO A SEGUACI BIN LADEN
      (ANSA) - SARAJEVO, 28 SET - A 70 afghani dell'Al Qaida di Osama bin
      Laden che, secondo informazioni di ''servizi autorevoli'' pensano di
      fuggire dall'Afghanistan per rifugiarsi in Bosnia, non sara' permesso di
      entrare in questo paese - ha detto oggi il ministro dell'interno della
      Federazione BH (entita' croato musulmana) Muhamed Besic. ''Non pensino
      di trovare qui il paradiso'', ha aggiunto.
      Che la Bosnia non sia un paradiso per i terroristi le autorita' di
      Sarajevo lo ripetono spesso negli ultimi giorni, smentendo ''le
      speculazioni di alcuni media'' circa le basi di addestramento dei
      terroristi di bin Laden nel Paese o che il ricercato n.1 avesse un
      passaporto bosniaco. Le autorita' hanno reso noto i primi risultati di
      un riesame delle 11.000 cittadinanze concesse a partire dal 1992,
      dall'indipendenza della Bosnia ad oggi, secondo cui solo 70 mujaheddin
      che hanno combattuto nelle file dell'esercito di Sarajevo durante la
      guerra (1992-95) sono naturalizzati bosniaci rimasti a vivere nel paese.
      Tra questi - ha detto il ministro dell'interno - la polizia tiene in
      questi giorni sotto ''sorveglianza operativa'' 13 persone.
      Il ministro ha anche ricordato che la polizia bosniaca ha finora
      arrestato quattro persone, di origine araba, sospettate di terrorismo:
      due sono stati estradati in Francia e due stanno per essere estradati in
      Egitto. Ma il problema dei mujaheddin, dei 'passaporti facili' e dei
      legami passati con regimi radicali islamici del Partito di azione
      democratica (Sda) dell'ex presidente Alija Izetbegovic, in particolare
      per l'acquisto di armi, resta comunque un'eredita' pesante per l'attuale
      governo dell'Alleanza per il cambiamento.
      L'unita' El Mujahid, con base a Zenica, in Bosnia centrale, formata nel
      1993 da volontari dei paesi islamici, fu sciolta dopo la guerra. Secondo
      l'accordo di pace di Dayton, tutti i combattenti stranieri dovevano
      immediatamente lasciare il paese, ma alcuni mujaheddin rimasero, dopo
      aver acquisito la cittadinanza sposando ragazze bosniache. Formarono tre
      comunita', assieme anche ad adepti locali, nei villaggi Guca Gora,
      Zeljezno Polje e Bocinja. Per lo piu' sono seguaci dell'islam wahabita
      professato in particolare in Arabia Saudita. Queste comunita' furono
      piu' volte denunciate come campi di addestramento per terroristi, ma
      nessuna delle indagini della magistratura bosniaca trovo' riscontri in
      questo senso. E anche la Forza di pace della Nato non ha avuto ''indizi
      sul terreno'' dell'esistenza di tali campi. L'unico campo illegale fu
      trovato dalle forze Nato nell'immediato dopoguerra, nel febbraio 1996, a
      Fojnica, in cui furono scoperti tre iraniani e sei bosniaci. L'allora
      presidente Izetbegovic affermo' che era un centro di addestramento degli
      agenti dell'antiterrorismo. In seguito, sempre nel 1996, gli Usa
      condizionarono aiuti in armamenti all'esercito della Federazione con le
      dimissioni del sottosegretario alla difesa Hasan Cengic, per i suoi
      ''legami troppo stretti'' con l'Iran. (ANSA)
      COR*VD 28/09/2001 19:46

      ---

      Subject: Foreign Mujahedeen In Bosnia, Kosovo, FYROM
      Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2001 05:10:16 -0700 (PDT)
      From: Rick Rozoff <r_rozoff@...>
      To: r_rozoff@...

      "Others left for Albania, where they helped train the
      rebels who would become known as the Kosovo Liberation
      Army. This year, according to Western diplomats, the
      fighers have appeared once more, now on the side of
      Albanian rebels in Macedonia."

      September 2, 2001
      Trial Offers Look at Secretive Warriors in Bosnia
      By MARLISE SIMONS

      THE HAGUE, Aug. 31 - Islamic "holy warriors" came from
      various countries to the mountains of central Bosnia,
      but the people there knew them mainly for their
      reputation for ferocity and cruelty.
      They volunteered for the Bosnian Army but also had
      their own code of conduct. And under that code, any
      mistreatment of civilians and prisoners of war was
      strictly forbidden.
      Yet the United Nations war crimes tribunal here has
      accused them of doing just that - committing
      atrocities against civilians and prisoners.
      None of the Muslim warriors are expected to appear in
      court, according to tribunal officials. But three of
      their former superiors, all commanders in the Bosnian
      Army, were arrested for war crimes and brought to The
      Hague earlier this month to stand trial.
      The three, retired Generals Mehmed Alagic and Enver
      Hadzihasanovic, as well as Brig. Amir Kubura, have
      pleaded not guilty. No trial date has been set.
      The case is unusual, not only because the three are
      the highest ranking Bosnian Muslims indicted so far,
      but also because many of the charges against them
      involve crimes said to have been committed by the
      mujahedeen. The case is expected to throw light on
      mujahedeen, the secretive movement of Islamic
      volunteer fighters who have been operating in the
      Balkans for the better part of a decade.
      Tribunal investigators reportedly have had access to
      Western intelligence in preparing their case, and part
      of this information is expected to be used in court.
      What is known is that several thousand of the warriors
      first appeared in Bosnia in 1992, supported by funds
      from Iran and Saudi Arabia. Among them were young men
      from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and other Islamic
      nations. Estimated to number three to five thousand,
      they played a crucial role in the Bosnian Army as it
      battled with Serbs and then Croats over territory in
      central Bosnia.
      Under the 1995 Dayton Peace Accord, the mujahedeen
      were meant to leave Bosnia, but a number stayed,
      married local women and moved into houses left empty
      by refugees. Others left for Albania, where they
      helped train the rebels who became known as the Kosovo
      Liberation Army. This year, according to Western
      diplomats, the fighters have appeared once more, now
      on the side of Albanian rebels in Macedonia.
      Few details are publicly known, but the indictment of
      the three former Bosnian commanders offers some
      insights into the instructions and actions of the holy
      warriors.
      It says that most joined the same brigade, where
      recruits had to swear by oath that they would follow
      the example of a proper Muslim soldier. They were
      given a code of conduct, set out in a booklet called
      "Instructions to the Muslim Fighter," which in Bosnia
      was first published in 1993.
      Its section dealing with war booty may explain why
      many Bosnian soldiers, including mujahedeen, are
      accused in the indictment of widespread plundering of
      Bosnian Serb and Croat homes and farms. The booklet,
      as quoted in the indictment, says that if soldiers are
      unpaid, "a fifth of war booty shall fall to the state
      treasury, and the other four- fifths belong to the
      soldiers."
      The booklet's passage on prisoners of war says "the
      killing of women, children and priests who do not
      participate at all in the war and who do not directly
      or indirectly assist the enemy, is forbidden; Islam
      likewise forbids the torture and brutalization of
      prisoners of war and the mutilation of enemy wounded
      and dead."
      According to the indictment, in Bosnian towns and
      villages where mujahedeen operated during 1993, "at
      least 200 Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Serb civilians
      were killed and many more were wounded."

      ---

      >
      http://www.diaspora-net.org/food4thought/binladen__kla.htm

      KLA rebels train in terrorist camps
      By Jerry Seper
      The Washington Times, May 4, 1999

      Some members of the Kosovo Liberation Army, which has
      financed its war effort through the sale of heroin, were
      trained in terrorist camps run by international fugitive
      Osama bin Laden -- who is wanted in the 1998 bombing of two
      U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 persons,
      including 12 Americans.

      The destruction of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya was blamed by the
      U.S. on Osama bin Laden's group. Well before the start of the NATO
      operation reports were pointing to his ties to KLA.

      The KLA members, embraced by the Clinton administration
      in NATO's 41-day bombing campaign to bring Yugoslav
      President Slobodan Milosevic to the bargaining table,
      were trained in secret camps in Afghanistan,
      Bosnia-Herzegovina and elsewhere, according to newly
      obtained intelligence reports. The reports also show that the
      KLA has enlisted Islamic terrorists -- members of the
      Mujahideen --as soldiers in its ongoing conflict against Serbia,
      and that many already have been smuggled into Kosovo to
      join the fight.

      Known to its countrymen as the Ushtria Clirimatare e
      Kosoves, the KLA has as many as 30,000 members, a number
      reportedly on the rise as a result of NATO's continuing
      bombing campaign. The group's leadership, including Agim
      Ceku, a former Croatian army brigadier general, has
      rapidly become a political and military force in the Balkans. The
      intelligence reports document what is described as a
      "link" between bin Laden, the fugitive Saudi including a
      common staging area in Tropoje, Albania, a center for
      Islamic terrorists.

      The reports said bin Laden's organization, known as
      al-Qaeda, has both trained and financially supported the KLA.
      Many border crossings into Kosovo by "foreign fighters"
      also have been documented and include veterans of the
      militant group Islamic Jihad from Bosnia, Chechnya and
      Afghanistan. Many of the crossings originated in
      neighboring Albania and, according to the reports,
      included parties of up to 50 men.

      Jane's International Defense Review, a highly respected
      British Journal, reported in February that documents found
      last year on the body of a KLA member showed that he had
      escorted several volunteers into Kosovo, including more
      than a dozen Saudi Arabians. Each volunteer carried a
      passport identifying him as a Macedonian Albanian.

      Bin Laden and his military commander, Mohammed Atef, were
      named in a federal indictment handed up in November
      in New York for the simultaneous explosions Aug. 7 at the
      U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam,
      Tanzania. The indictment accused the two men of directing
      the attacks, which injured more than 5,000 people.

      The indictment said bin Laden, working through al-Qaeda,
      forged alliances with government officials in Iran, the
      National Islamic Front in the Sudan and an Iranian
      terrorist organization known as Hezbollah. He was indicted earlier
      this year by a federal grand jury in New York for his
      suspected terrorist activities. The al-Qaeda is believed to have
      targeted U.S. embassies and American soldiers stationed
      in Saudi Arabia and Somalia. The organization also is
      accused of housing and training terrorists, and of
      raising money to support their causes.

      The State Department, along with other federal agencies,
      offered a $5 million reward last year for information leading
      to the arrest and conviction of the two men. Mr. Clinton
      ordered a retaliatory attack on training bases controlled by
      bin Laden in Afghanistan and a chemical factory near
      Khartoum, Sudan, after the bombings.

      Last year, while State Department officials labeled the
      KLA a terrorist organization, saying it bankrolled its
      operations with proceeds from the heroin trade and from
      loans from known terrorists like bin Laden, the department
      listed the group as an "insurgency" organization in its
      official reports. The officials charged that the KLA used
      terrorist tactics to assault Serbian and ethnic Albanian
      civilians in a campaign to achieve independence.

      The KLA's involvement in drug smuggling as a means of
      raising funds for weapons is long-standing. Intelligence
      documents show it has aligned itself with an extensive
      organized crime network in Albania that smuggles heroin to
      buyers throughout Western Europe and the United States.

      Drug agents in five countries believe the cartel is one
      of the most powerful heroin smuggling organizations in the
      world. The documents show heroin and some cocaine is
      moved over land and sea from Turkey through Bulgaria,
      Greece and Yugoslavia to Western Europe and elsewhere.
      The circuit has become known as the "Balkan Route."

      The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration said in a recent
      report that drug smuggling organizations composed of
      Kosovo's ethnic Albanians were considered "second only to
      Turkish gangs as the predominant heroin smugglers
      along the Balkan Route." Greek Interpol representatives
      have called Kosovo's ethnic Albanians "the primary sources
      of supply for cocaine and heroin in that country."

      France's Geopolitical Observatory of Drugs said the KLA
      was a key player in the rapidly expanding drugs-for-arms
      business and helped transport $2 billion in drugs a year
      into Western Europe. German drug agents said $1.5 billion in
      drug profits is laundered annually by Kosovo smugglers,
      through as many as 200 private banks or currency-exchange offices.

      Jane's Intelligence Review estimated in March that drug
      sales could have netted the KLA profits in the "high tens of
      millions of dollars." It said the KLA had rearmed itself
      for a spring offensive with the aid of drug money, along with
      donations from Albanians in Western Europe and the United States.

      ---

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