[JUGOINFO] Bin Laden a spasso nei Balcani (3)
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(ANSA) - SARAJEVO, 28 SET - A 70 afghani dell'Al Qaida di Osama bin
Laden che, secondo informazioni di ''servizi autorevoli'' pensano di
fuggire dall'Afghanistan per rifugiarsi in Bosnia, non sara' permesso di
entrare in questo paese - ha detto oggi il ministro dell'interno della
Federazione BH (entita' croato musulmana) Muhamed Besic. ''Non pensino
di trovare qui il paradiso'', ha aggiunto.
Che la Bosnia non sia un paradiso per i terroristi le autorita' di
Sarajevo lo ripetono spesso negli ultimi giorni, smentendo ''le
speculazioni di alcuni media'' circa le basi di addestramento dei
terroristi di bin Laden nel Paese o che il ricercato n.1 avesse un
passaporto bosniaco. Le autorita' hanno reso noto i primi risultati di
un riesame delle 11.000 cittadinanze concesse a partire dal 1992,
dall'indipendenza della Bosnia ad oggi, secondo cui solo 70 mujaheddin
che hanno combattuto nelle file dell'esercito di Sarajevo durante la
guerra (1992-95) sono naturalizzati bosniaci rimasti a vivere nel paese.
Tra questi - ha detto il ministro dell'interno - la polizia tiene in
questi giorni sotto ''sorveglianza operativa'' 13 persone.
Il ministro ha anche ricordato che la polizia bosniaca ha finora
arrestato quattro persone, di origine araba, sospettate di terrorismo:
due sono stati estradati in Francia e due stanno per essere estradati in
Egitto. Ma il problema dei mujaheddin, dei 'passaporti facili' e dei
legami passati con regimi radicali islamici del Partito di azione
democratica (Sda) dell'ex presidente Alija Izetbegovic, in particolare
per l'acquisto di armi, resta comunque un'eredita' pesante per l'attuale
governo dell'Alleanza per il cambiamento.
L'unita' El Mujahid, con base a Zenica, in Bosnia centrale, formata nel
1993 da volontari dei paesi islamici, fu sciolta dopo la guerra. Secondo
l'accordo di pace di Dayton, tutti i combattenti stranieri dovevano
immediatamente lasciare il paese, ma alcuni mujaheddin rimasero, dopo
aver acquisito la cittadinanza sposando ragazze bosniache. Formarono tre
comunita', assieme anche ad adepti locali, nei villaggi Guca Gora,
Zeljezno Polje e Bocinja. Per lo piu' sono seguaci dell'islam wahabita
professato in particolare in Arabia Saudita. Queste comunita' furono
piu' volte denunciate come campi di addestramento per terroristi, ma
nessuna delle indagini della magistratura bosniaca trovo' riscontri in
questo senso. E anche la Forza di pace della Nato non ha avuto ''indizi
sul terreno'' dell'esistenza di tali campi. L'unico campo illegale fu
trovato dalle forze Nato nell'immediato dopoguerra, nel febbraio 1996, a
Fojnica, in cui furono scoperti tre iraniani e sei bosniaci. L'allora
presidente Izetbegovic affermo' che era un centro di addestramento degli
agenti dell'antiterrorismo. In seguito, sempre nel 1996, gli Usa
condizionarono aiuti in armamenti all'esercito della Federazione con le
dimissioni del sottosegretario alla difesa Hasan Cengic, per i suoi
''legami troppo stretti'' con l'Iran. (ANSA)
COR*VD 28/09/2001 19:46
Subject: Foreign Mujahedeen In Bosnia, Kosovo, FYROM
Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2001 05:10:16 -0700 (PDT)
From: Rick Rozoff <r_rozoff@...>
"Others left for Albania, where they helped train the
rebels who would become known as the Kosovo Liberation
Army. This year, according to Western diplomats, the
fighers have appeared once more, now on the side of
Albanian rebels in Macedonia."
September 2, 2001
Trial Offers Look at Secretive Warriors in Bosnia
By MARLISE SIMONS
THE HAGUE, Aug. 31 - Islamic "holy warriors" came from
various countries to the mountains of central Bosnia,
but the people there knew them mainly for their
reputation for ferocity and cruelty.
They volunteered for the Bosnian Army but also had
their own code of conduct. And under that code, any
mistreatment of civilians and prisoners of war was
Yet the United Nations war crimes tribunal here has
accused them of doing just that - committing
atrocities against civilians and prisoners.
None of the Muslim warriors are expected to appear in
court, according to tribunal officials. But three of
their former superiors, all commanders in the Bosnian
Army, were arrested for war crimes and brought to The
Hague earlier this month to stand trial.
The three, retired Generals Mehmed Alagic and Enver
Hadzihasanovic, as well as Brig. Amir Kubura, have
pleaded not guilty. No trial date has been set.
The case is unusual, not only because the three are
the highest ranking Bosnian Muslims indicted so far,
but also because many of the charges against them
involve crimes said to have been committed by the
mujahedeen. The case is expected to throw light on
mujahedeen, the secretive movement of Islamic
volunteer fighters who have been operating in the
Balkans for the better part of a decade.
Tribunal investigators reportedly have had access to
Western intelligence in preparing their case, and part
of this information is expected to be used in court.
What is known is that several thousand of the warriors
first appeared in Bosnia in 1992, supported by funds
from Iran and Saudi Arabia. Among them were young men
from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and other Islamic
nations. Estimated to number three to five thousand,
they played a crucial role in the Bosnian Army as it
battled with Serbs and then Croats over territory in
Under the 1995 Dayton Peace Accord, the mujahedeen
were meant to leave Bosnia, but a number stayed,
married local women and moved into houses left empty
by refugees. Others left for Albania, where they
helped train the rebels who became known as the Kosovo
Liberation Army. This year, according to Western
diplomats, the fighters have appeared once more, now
on the side of Albanian rebels in Macedonia.
Few details are publicly known, but the indictment of
the three former Bosnian commanders offers some
insights into the instructions and actions of the holy
It says that most joined the same brigade, where
recruits had to swear by oath that they would follow
the example of a proper Muslim soldier. They were
given a code of conduct, set out in a booklet called
"Instructions to the Muslim Fighter," which in Bosnia
was first published in 1993.
Its section dealing with war booty may explain why
many Bosnian soldiers, including mujahedeen, are
accused in the indictment of widespread plundering of
Bosnian Serb and Croat homes and farms. The booklet,
as quoted in the indictment, says that if soldiers are
unpaid, "a fifth of war booty shall fall to the state
treasury, and the other four- fifths belong to the
The booklet's passage on prisoners of war says "the
killing of women, children and priests who do not
participate at all in the war and who do not directly
or indirectly assist the enemy, is forbidden; Islam
likewise forbids the torture and brutalization of
prisoners of war and the mutilation of enemy wounded
According to the indictment, in Bosnian towns and
villages where mujahedeen operated during 1993, "at
least 200 Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Serb civilians
were killed and many more were wounded."
KLA rebels train in terrorist camps
By Jerry Seper
The Washington Times, May 4, 1999
Some members of the Kosovo Liberation Army, which has
financed its war effort through the sale of heroin, were
trained in terrorist camps run by international fugitive
Osama bin Laden -- who is wanted in the 1998 bombing of two
U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 persons,
including 12 Americans.
The destruction of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya was blamed by the
U.S. on Osama bin Laden's group. Well before the start of the NATO
operation reports were pointing to his ties to KLA.
The KLA members, embraced by the Clinton administration
in NATO's 41-day bombing campaign to bring Yugoslav
President Slobodan Milosevic to the bargaining table,
were trained in secret camps in Afghanistan,
Bosnia-Herzegovina and elsewhere, according to newly
obtained intelligence reports. The reports also show that the
KLA has enlisted Islamic terrorists -- members of the
Mujahideen --as soldiers in its ongoing conflict against Serbia,
and that many already have been smuggled into Kosovo to
join the fight.
Known to its countrymen as the Ushtria Clirimatare e
Kosoves, the KLA has as many as 30,000 members, a number
reportedly on the rise as a result of NATO's continuing
bombing campaign. The group's leadership, including Agim
Ceku, a former Croatian army brigadier general, has
rapidly become a political and military force in the Balkans. The
intelligence reports document what is described as a
"link" between bin Laden, the fugitive Saudi including a
common staging area in Tropoje, Albania, a center for
The reports said bin Laden's organization, known as
al-Qaeda, has both trained and financially supported the KLA.
Many border crossings into Kosovo by "foreign fighters"
also have been documented and include veterans of the
militant group Islamic Jihad from Bosnia, Chechnya and
Afghanistan. Many of the crossings originated in
neighboring Albania and, according to the reports,
included parties of up to 50 men.
Jane's International Defense Review, a highly respected
British Journal, reported in February that documents found
last year on the body of a KLA member showed that he had
escorted several volunteers into Kosovo, including more
than a dozen Saudi Arabians. Each volunteer carried a
passport identifying him as a Macedonian Albanian.
Bin Laden and his military commander, Mohammed Atef, were
named in a federal indictment handed up in November
in New York for the simultaneous explosions Aug. 7 at the
U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. The indictment accused the two men of directing
the attacks, which injured more than 5,000 people.
The indictment said bin Laden, working through al-Qaeda,
forged alliances with government officials in Iran, the
National Islamic Front in the Sudan and an Iranian
terrorist organization known as Hezbollah. He was indicted earlier
this year by a federal grand jury in New York for his
suspected terrorist activities. The al-Qaeda is believed to have
targeted U.S. embassies and American soldiers stationed
in Saudi Arabia and Somalia. The organization also is
accused of housing and training terrorists, and of
raising money to support their causes.
The State Department, along with other federal agencies,
offered a $5 million reward last year for information leading
to the arrest and conviction of the two men. Mr. Clinton
ordered a retaliatory attack on training bases controlled by
bin Laden in Afghanistan and a chemical factory near
Khartoum, Sudan, after the bombings.
Last year, while State Department officials labeled the
KLA a terrorist organization, saying it bankrolled its
operations with proceeds from the heroin trade and from
loans from known terrorists like bin Laden, the department
listed the group as an "insurgency" organization in its
official reports. The officials charged that the KLA used
terrorist tactics to assault Serbian and ethnic Albanian
civilians in a campaign to achieve independence.
The KLA's involvement in drug smuggling as a means of
raising funds for weapons is long-standing. Intelligence
documents show it has aligned itself with an extensive
organized crime network in Albania that smuggles heroin to
buyers throughout Western Europe and the United States.
Drug agents in five countries believe the cartel is one
of the most powerful heroin smuggling organizations in the
world. The documents show heroin and some cocaine is
moved over land and sea from Turkey through Bulgaria,
Greece and Yugoslavia to Western Europe and elsewhere.
The circuit has become known as the "Balkan Route."
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration said in a recent
report that drug smuggling organizations composed of
Kosovo's ethnic Albanians were considered "second only to
Turkish gangs as the predominant heroin smugglers
along the Balkan Route." Greek Interpol representatives
have called Kosovo's ethnic Albanians "the primary sources
of supply for cocaine and heroin in that country."
France's Geopolitical Observatory of Drugs said the KLA
was a key player in the rapidly expanding drugs-for-arms
business and helped transport $2 billion in drugs a year
into Western Europe. German drug agents said $1.5 billion in
drug profits is laundered annually by Kosovo smugglers,
through as many as 200 private banks or currency-exchange offices.
Jane's Intelligence Review estimated in March that drug
sales could have netted the KLA profits in the "high tens of
millions of dollars." It said the KLA had rearmed itself
for a spring offensive with the aid of drug money, along with
donations from Albanians in Western Europe and the United States.
Questa lista e' curata da componenti del
Coordinamento Nazionale per la Jugoslavia (CNJ).
I documenti distribuiti non rispecchiano necessariamente
le posizioni ufficiali o condivise da tutto il CNJ, ma
vengono fatti circolare per il loro contenuto informativo al
solo scopo di segnalazione e commento ("for fair use only").
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